<![CDATA[dumbmatter.com]]>http://dumbmatter.com/metalsmith-feedWed, 05 May 2021 04:06:39 GMT<![CDATA[An 18 year old bug]]>I got a fun email earlier today - a support request for literally the second piece of software I ever wrote, back in 2001 when I was a kid with a couple months of programming under my belt.

It's a click tracker that I called Click Manager. Pretty simple stuff - a Perl CGI script that counts how many times a link was clicked, storing the data in a flat file database.

Eventually I even added a nifty UI to view the stats. Check it out, in all its early 2000s glory:

Anyway, point is, someone emailed me about a bug in Click Manager. That absolutely made my day, to learn that somebody was still using my old script.

I took a look at it. Turns out he was using version 2.2.5, from 2003. That is not the latest version though! The latest version is version 2.2.6, from 2005. (You can actually still download it from my website, but I like linking to those nice old layouts that archive.org has saved.)

After looking at a diff between version 2.2.5 and 2.2.6 (this was back before I used version control) it became clear that the only thing version 2.2.6 did was fix the exact bug he emailed me about!

Moral of the story: please update your software at least once per decade, or this might happen to you :)

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/an-18-year-old-bug.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/an-18-year-old-bug.mdTue, 04 May 2021 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[Do Covid lockdowns still make sense in the US?]]>There are two possible goals that a government might have when imposing lockdown. The first goal is to eradicate the disease. The second goal is to prevent overloading hospitals with tons of sick patients at the same time. This is the "flatten the curve" strategy, where the idea isn't really to prevent people from getting infected, but to spread out the infections over time.

Those two goals are pretty different. Eradicating the disease is much harder. It requires a much stricter lockdown, and it is much more difficult to achieve when the disease is widespread in the population. Flattening the curve is easier (not "easy", just "easier") because it requires a less strict lockdown.

The problem is, like I mentioned a couple months ago, flattening the curve does not give us a good solution to the pandemic. If the disease spreads until we achieve natural herd immunity or develop a vaccine, the death toll will be high. And we might have to flatten the curve for a very long time, which would have huge negative impacts on many aspects of life.

Based on these two possible goals of lockdowns, where are we now and where do we go from here? Most US states, including my home state of NJ, have implemented lockdowns. I believe this was necessary at the time because there were too many unknowns, mostly because the pitiful state of testing meant we didn't know where the disease had spread. Due to the high number of asymptomatic infections and the incubation period between infection and symptoms, there was concern that hospitals could become overloaded in many parts of the country.

It has since turned out that some parts of the country had very high infection levels, but most didn't. Hospitals were overrun in parts of New York, and basically nowhere else. Changes in behavior have reduced the reproduction rate of the virus sufficiently that there is no imminent risk of hospitals being overloaded. And improvements in testing capacity mean that in the future, we will likely be able to identify a rapidly-growing outbreak early enough to deal with it. A stricter lockdown could be imposed to stop an outbreak from growing further, and medical resources could be diverted to the area to prepare for an increase in hospitalizations.

Basically what I'm saying is, we have flattened the curve, and hospitals are unlikely to become overloaded.

What about eradication? That does not seem to be the goal of the federal government or any state or local government. Even if we were trying for eradication, I'm not sure if we could reasonably achieve it, given how widespread the virus is and how Americans tend not to like the government telling them what to do. So there's not much value in talking about eradication, until we have natural herd immunity or a vaccine. Which could be years off.

As I said, flattening the curve is not a good solution. But it's what we're doing now, and I don't see a feasible alternative. We're not going for eradication. A vaccine is too distant and uncertain. We have no alternative but many deaths and natural herd immunity. The only question is how long it will take to get there. To most efficiently reach this end state, we should open the country as much as possible, while also doing the type of monitoring described above to prevent overloading hospitals. Any lockdown more severe than that will only prolong the pain.

And yes, I am aware that natural herd immunity may not be possible for COVID-19. I wrote about that a couple months ago. But even if there is only an X% chance that natural herd immunity works, it's still the best option we have. Eradication is still completely infeasible. A vaccine is still too distant and uncertain. I wish I had a better answer.

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/do-covid-lockdowns-still-make-sense.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/do-covid-lockdowns-still-make-sense.mdFri, 22 May 2020 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[A simple explanation for why modeling COVID-19 is hard]]>Over at FiveThirtyEight there is a great article about why it's so hard to model the effects COVID-19. Basically their answer is that there are many factors that go into a model, but many of them are very uncertain, and many of them are also dynamic. For instance, what is the probability of transmission when an infected person interacts with a non-infected person? There's a lot of uncertainty in that estimate. But also, it's going to change over time. Particularly, as the pandemic worsens, people will likely do more social distancing and other mitigation strategies, resulting in a lower transmission rate.

Tricky stuff to predict precisely! But I think that's not quite the complete picture, and there's an even simpler and clearer explanation.

I'm thinking about this issue more because of the IHME COVID-19 model. They are trying to predict hospital resources needed to treat COVID-19 patients, which is even harder than modeling the spread of COVID-19. As new data comes in and they tweak their model, sometimes the results change a lot. This has led to articles like HUGE! Official IHME Model for Coronavirus Used by CDC Just Cut Their Numbers by Half!... They're Making It Up As they Go Along! getting shared a lot on social media.

And that interpretation of the IHME model is understandable. This is supposed to be the gold standard synthesis of all expert opinion that goverments use to set policy. Sure there's a lot of uncertainty in it, but to cut their predictions in half in a single day seems beyond the pale.

But consider exponential growth, since infectious diseases tend to spread exponentially, not linearly.

Imagine a hypothetical disease that starts in 1 person, and then it spreads to 2 new people every day. After a month, it will have spread to over 2 billion people. Exponential growth is wild!

Now imagine a slightly different scenario. It doesn't spread to 2 new people every day, it just spreads to an average of 1.8 new people every day. There's not a big difference between 2 and 1.8, right? Just a 10% difference. Well, in the 1.8 case it will only spread to 100 million people in a month. That's 95% fewer cases, just by decreasing the transmission rate by 10%.

Models involving exponential growth are incredibly sensitive to their parameters. This is not the fault of the people who make the models, it's the fault of math and reality. So if you have a model with many uncertain parameters that govern exponential growth, expect your projections to be wrong. Very wrong.

Does that mean modeling should not be done in cases like this? Definitely not. Models can still help us understand the range of possible outcomes, even if that range is wide. We just need to be careful about how we interpret the results.

Update, September 2020: At this point it's pretty clear that the IHME model kind of sucks. What I wrote above is still true about the fundamental challenge of modeling, particularly in the early days of a pandemic. But now you're probably better off looking at more competent models like covid19-projections.com. Their projections have been much more accurate than the IHME's.

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/why-modeling-covid-19-is-hard.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/why-modeling-covid-19-is-hard.mdTue, 07 Apr 2020 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[My take on COVID-19]]>I have a bit of time on my hands right now, so I figured I'd write up my current COVID-19 take. Not really because I think anyone cares. I mean, there are many better informed takes out there. I'm mostly writing this for myself, so I can look back on it and see how my perception has changed.

I've been worried about COVID-19 for a while, but there were ways to imagine it not getting too bad. Like maybe it would be contained by the early response in China. Or maybe there was some genetic or environmental factor that would limit its spread or its deadliness.

I've been very worried ever since Italy took a turn for the worse around February 23. Their number of known cases jumped from ~10 to ~100, and things progressed rapidly from there.

On February 24 I started stocking up on nonperishables, figuring that there was a good chance that a time would come when I'd have to lay low for a few weeks. I also started telling my friends and family to similarly prepare, which resulted in multiple people telling me they were a little freaked out by my concern, since I tend not to get worked up about whatever "crisis" dominates the news cycle.

As the news trickled in from the US and Europe, it gradually became clear that many countries were indeed on the same trajectory as Italy. Western countries did not act as swiftly and strongly as East Asian countries like South Korea, Japan, and Singapore. Most troubling, particularly in the US, was the lack of testing. All we knew about the spread of the disease came from severe cases, but for each severe case there are many asymptomatic cases, some of which will soon be severe. This lack of information continues to impede decisionmaking.

Today, I believe there are two big outstanding questions.

First, how many people have already been infected by COVID-19 and experienced no or mild symptoms? Without knowing how many people will catch COVID-19 and ultimately be fine, it's really hard to say what the appropriate political response is. This article by John Ioannidis really hammers the point home, while questioning if our response might be too strong. While I do hope Ioannidis's skepticism turns out to be correct, I wouldn't bet on it. I agree with Nicholas Christakis when he points out that there is at least some evidence about the fatality rate of people with COVID-19, and it doesn't very look good; and a huge number of cases happening all at once is a big deal.

Regarding the huge number of cases happening all at once, there is much talk of "flattening the curve". Unfortunately, if the pandemic is bad enough, flattening the curve becomes kind of infeasible. If you need to flatten the curve for 10 years, that's never going to work. But like I mentioned above, we really lack the data to conclusively say much here.

My second big outstanding question is, what is the long term prognosis of people after infection? Do they retain some level of immunity? How good is that immunity? And how long does it last? Already there have been isolated reports of individuals catching COVID-19 twice, suggesting some very pessimistic answers to these questions. And I have read that evidence from similar viruses suggests immunity may not last forever. However we shouldn't jump to conclusions without more data. And this is not just a matter of testing, like the first question. It is also a matter of time.

These questions are important because they will determine the success or failure of government responses to COVID-19. Of course, ideally the outbreaks would have been limited by more testing and more careful social practices. But in the US and Europe, it seems like the cat is out of the bag. So what? Strict lockdown like Wuhan? Let it burn through the country and develop herd immunity? Something in between?

To my first outstanding question, since we don't really know how bad COVID-19 will be if it just burns through the population, it's hard to evaluate those options. I believe that the available data suggests that lockdowns are appropriate, but there's much uncertainty.

More troublingly, to my second outstanding question, we don't know if either of those strategies will actually work! If people can be reinfected with COVID-19 multiple times, without experiencing a substantial period of immunity, then herd immunity will never happen. So we lockdown... and then what? As soon as the lockdown ends, the pandemic will resume. So we let it burn through the country... and then what? Next year it just burns through again, since nobody is immune?

Scary scenarios. We simply don't know enough right now. We absolutely should be doing as much testing and monitoring as possible to help answer these questions. And hopefully we find that it's not as severe as originally thought, and that catching it once confers long term immunity. Time will tell. But right now, it seems like there's a distinct possibility that Earth is now simply a worse place for humans than it was before, and we'll just have to learn to live with that.

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/covid-19-take.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/covid-19-take.mdTue, 17 Mar 2020 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[What happened to the Pete Buttigieg "High Hopes" dance?]]>In late 2019, a few videos appeared online showing some Pete Buttigieg supporters doing a corny dance to Panic! at the Disco's "High Hopes". Here's one, and another, yet another, and still one more.

The rapid release of all those different videos suggested to me that this was not an isolated incident. Crazed Mayor Pete fans must be doing that lame dance all over the place!

I was excited to see more videos. But sadly that never happened. Those are still the only four Pete Buttigieg dance videos I have ever seen.

So what happened? Did Mayor Pete decide to crush the high hopes of his supporters by banning their fun little dance? Or are they still doing it, but with extreme levels of security to prevent further online ridicule?

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/what-happened-to-the-pete-buttigieg-high-hopes-dance.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/what-happened-to-the-pete-buttigieg-high-hopes-dance.mdMon, 24 Feb 2020 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[Porting Basketball GM to TypeScript]]>I'm gonna do that thing again where I link to a post on my Basketball GM blog that possbily is of broader interest.

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/typescript.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/typescript.mdMon, 20 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[Moving from Browserify to Rollup]]>I'm gonna do that thing again where I link to a post on my Basketball GM blog that possbily is of broader interest.

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/browserify-to-rollup.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/browserify-to-rollup.mdTue, 17 Sep 2019 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[Why do NCAA tournament brackets lack symmetry?]]>Very important stuff here!

Take a look at a portion of a normal NCAA tournament bracket. This is one region, cut off at the sweet 16, with all the favorites filled in:

Let me highlight the first round games that lead to the sweet 16 teams, assuming all the favorites win:

Isn't that literally the worst thing you've ever seen? No symmetry. I can see why you put the 2 seed at the bottom, so that the 1 and 2 approach each other from opposite ends. I can see why you do the same for the 4 seed.

But why leave the 3 seed in no man's land? This looks much better, with the 6-11 and 3-14 games swapped:

This doesn't change any of the games played, it just makes for a more elegant and symmetric bracket.

Am I missing something here? If not, does anyone know how we wound up in this horrible situation? It's hard to Google for information, because I just find articles about ranking teams and placing teams in the bracket, not about the actual structure of the bracket itself!

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/ncaa-bracket-symmetry.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/ncaa-bracket-symmetry.mdTue, 27 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[My favorite hip hop albums of the 2010s]]>In 2010, I was kinda tuned out of the rap game. I'm not saying there was no good hip hop music in the late 2000s. There was definitely some good stuff. Big names like Kanye, of course. Some underground guys like Big K.R.I.T. and Wale were releasing great stuff. But there was also a lot of trash. Overall, it didn't hold my interest.

In 2012, by chance I heard Goldie on the radio. It sounded new, fresh, interesting, exciting. I wanted more. I started seeking out new hip hop music, and I was rewarded by discovering a ton of incredible new artists. This is why, even though I was born in 1985 and started listening to hip hop in the 90s, the 2010s are my decade for hip hop music. And as the 2010s are coming to an end, I'm feeling nostalgic for what a great decade it was.

So here we are. I'm going to go through the 2010s, starting in 2011, and talk about my favorite albums from each year. Why start in 2011 rather than 2010? Because that's when A$AP Rocky's first mixtape dropped.

And just to pre-empt any controversy (as if anyone is going to read this): this is just personal preference. Things I enjoy. I'm not rating skill or talent or artistic merit. And I'm probably also being dumb and forgetting some albums.

My favorite hip hop album of 2011:

A$AP Rocky - LIVE.LOVE.A$AP

As mentioned above, I didn't even know who Rocky was until Goldie came out, so I didn't hear this mixtape until the following year. But, damn. This is the GOAT mixtape. As a big fan of the Three 6 Mafia dating back to the 90s, I hadn't realized how much I missed that kind of sound - dark, lo-fi, hazy. Credit SpaceGhostPurrp and Raider Klan for bringing it back, but credit Rocky for the first classic album in the Three 6 revival movement.

Favorite tracks: Bass, Brand New Guy, Purple Swag

Honorable mention

  • Big K.R.I.T. - Return of 4Eva - K.R.I.T. had already been paving his own lane in the underground for a little while, but this is probably the best of his unique sound from his early days.

  • Jay-Z & Kanye West - Watch the Throne - This is definitely not of the "new school" that I talk about in the intro, but still, it's just a damn good album from front to back.

My favorite hip hop album of 2012:

Lil Ugly Mane - Mista Thug Isolation

Lil Ugly Mane has similar influences as Rocky (Three 6 Mafia, Raider Klan), but takes it in a somewhat more aggressive direction. He's not the MC that Rocky is, but in Mista Thug Isolation he improved from "cringeworthy" to "good enough". His flow still isn't great. He has some funny and meaningful lyrics at times. But this is really about the production and the ambiance. Classic.

Favorite tracks: Lean Got Me Fucked Up, Throw Dem Guns, Wishmaster

Honorable mention

  • Ethelwulf - The Wolf Gang's Rodolphe - After a couple "influenced by Raider Klan" albums, here is an actual Raider Klan album! Great production, great rapping, and I love that it includes a good chopped and screwed version of every song. I'm not sure why Ethelwulf changed his name to Xavier Wulf after this, because Ethelwulf was a cooler name. At least he didn't go full Yasiin Bey.

  • Flatbush Zombies - D.R.U.G.S. - Excellent debut mixtape of the Flatbush Zombies. Speaking of the Flatbush Zombies, people always love Meech and Erick but hate on Juice, but I like Juice. He's just as good as the other two members, and they would be lacking without him.

  • Nas - Life Is Good - Another entry from an old school artist, but this is one of the best albums from one of the all time greats, so it deserves a mention here.

  • Spark Master Tape - Syrup Splash - Weird debut mixtape from the weird anonymous Internet rapper.

My favorite hip hop album of 2013:

A$AP Rocky - LONG.LIVE.A$AP

Oh, A$AP Rocky again? Well since Goldie is what started this, of course the album Goldie's on is going to be on this list. I remember before the album dropped, the second single Long Live A$AP came out. And I was worried. I was worried Rocky was going to sell out in his debut album and make something boring and generic. Instead, he makes this weird fucking song a single? Dope.

Favorite tracks: Angels, Long Live A$AP, Suddenly

Honorable mention

  • Action Bronson - Blue Chips 2 - Great beats, great flow, funny lyrics. You could say that about almost any Bronson project, but this is my favorite.

  • Denzel Curry - Nostalgic 64 - More Raider Klan shit!

  • Flatbush Zombies - BetterOffDEAD - Another great effort after last year's D.R.U.G.S. Sadly, they won't make this list again.

  • Pusha T - My Name is My Name - Push's debut solo album could have won in some other years. I also love his "Wrath of Caine" mixtape from earlier in the same year.

  • Run The Jewels - Run The Jewels - The whole is greater than the sum of the parts with Killer Mike and El-P. Distinctive production and fun lyrics to rap along to.

  • Spark Master Tape - The #SWOUP Serengeti - Like the Flatbush Zombies, this is his 2nd awesome mixtape in 2 years, and also his last mention here. He released some great loosies on Soundcloud after this and I was hyped for his next project, but then he disappeared for a couple years. When he came back, he was still good, but not quite the same.

My favorite hip hop album of 2014:

Freddie Gibbs & Madlib - Piñata

This is one of those "I didn't even know I wanted this, but now that you mention it, I need it" collaborations. Gibbs is one of my favorite rappers and Madlib is one of my favorite producers, and the combination is incredible. Really raw, hard rapping over really classy, interesting beats.

Favorite tracks: Bomb, Knicks, Thuggin'

Honorable mention

  • Big K.R.I.T. - Cadillactica - A departure from his sound up to this point, but it works.

  • Bones - Skinny - Bones was releasing a ton of mixtapes around this time, so I just kind of randomly picked one. Some of the best lo-fi hip hop.

  • Run The Jewels - Run The Jewels 2 - Just as good as the original was the previous year.

My favorite hip hop album of 2015:

Nickelus F & Shawn Kemp - Trick Dice

Shawn Kemp one of the many names that Lil Ugly Mane uses. Here you get the same incredibly production he always brings, plus a better rapper on top of them. In contrast to 2012's Supasonic when he made an album with a worse rapper. This album made me a fan of Nickelus F and got me into his other stuff, which is pretty awesome too.

Favorite tracks: Clusterfuck, Paragraph Of My Life, Protein

Honorable mention

  • A$AP Rocky - AT.LONG.LAST.A$AP - Not quite up to his previous efforts, but still good. Maybe I'd think higher of it if Multiply made the cut. The flows are more sophisticated here than on his first two projects, but part of the beauty of his earlier work was how simple it was. His old stuff is just more fun to rap along with than ALLA.

  • Future - DS2 - Peak Future. Future can certainly be accused of making the same song over and over again, and this album is no different. But it's a damn good song! Especially this version.

  • Lil Ugly Mane - Oblivion Access - Another Ugly Mane album! This one is really fucking weird. Weird to the point where I was worried about his mental state when I listened to it, as if it was a cry for help. This album is a little hit or miss, but the highs are sublime.

  • Lupe Fiasco - Tetsuo & Youth - Brilliant album. Artistic. Meaningful. Deep. And also full of bangers. I keep coming back to this more than any of Lupe's other albums.

  • Maxo Kream - Maxo 187 - Maxo has a bunch of great songs, but hasn't quite put together a great album IMHO. This is his closest. It has a really weird, dark sound that stands out as unique. And Thirteen is one of the hardest songs of all time.

  • Pusha T - King Push – Darkest Before Dawn: The Prelude - Not sure what's going on with this title, split into three parts with a dash and a colon lol. Great album, though. I'm a huge fan of intro tracks. Pusha T, even dating back to his Clipse days, always had great intro tracks. This one might be his best though.

My favorite hip hop album of 2016:

Kanye West - The Life of Pablo

Echoing what I said in the previous section about Ugly Mane's mental health, this album made me worried for Kanye. I mean, just look at the album cover! WTF is that?

And it's not like this is my favorite Kanye album. But it is my favorte album of 2016. Is this the beginning of the end of 2010s hip hop? Maybe so. A lot of the artists mentioned above did not again equal their early 2010s peaks. That's not to say it's all bad from here out, but it's just not quite the same density of awesomeness.

Favorite tracks: No More Parties In LA, Ultralight Beam, Wolves

Honorable mention

  • Denzel Curry - Imperial - Probably Denzel's most polished album. There's a lot of variety here too, from hard songs like Knotty Head (With a Rick Ross feature! Denzel is big time now!) to more melodic tracks like This Life. I like all of it.

  • ​​wifisfuneral - Black Heart Revenge - wifi is at his best making lo-fi hip hop, not wholly unlike Bones. He has a few good projects, but this is my favorite. His newer stuff has gone away from this style, which I think is unfortunate.

My favorite hip hop album of 2017:

Brockhampton - Saturation 2

New shit! Brockhampton came out of nowhere and released three albums in 2017. For me, Brockhampton has three things going for them:

  1. Great production from their in-house producers. Kind of lo-fi, kind of poppy, and definitely distinct.

  2. Kevin Abstract is a good rapper with a lot of charisma.

  3. The rest of the rappers are at least good in small doses, and they have unique styles. I don't know if anyone but Kevin could stand on their own, but when you have like 6 different guys contributing verses, that can obscure a lot of flaws.

I like all their albums, but for some reason I cannot articulate, Saturation 2 is my favorite.

Favorite tracks: Gummy, Junky, Sweet

Honorable mention

  • $uicideboy$ & Germ - DirtierNastier$uicide - The Boys have a lot of good tracks, but IMHO no cohesive great album. So I'm putting this EP here, because even though it's short, it's awesome. Especially Here We Go Again.

  • Juicy J - Highly Intoxicated - Related to above... my biggest problem with the $uicideboy$ is that they just aren't very good rappers. I love the production though. So here we have a mixtape by Juicy J produced largely by the $suicideboy$? That's my shit.

  • Lil Peep - Come Over When You're Sober, Pt. 1 - Peep is another guy who I don't think has a great album, but has a ton of tracks I love. I'm listing this project rather than another because Benz Truck is what got me into Peep.

My favorite hip hop album of 2018:

Pusha T - Daytona

Okay, all the little 7 track Kanye albums in 2018 were good. But Daytona is the best. Push is simply one of the best rappers of all time, and his beats have always been incredible, dating back to Clipse rapping over Neptunes beats. I don't know how much credit I should give Push for the production, but since it's always so consistently awesome and unique, I give him a fair amount of credit. And then on top of that, like I said, he's a phenomenal rapper.

Also, I never would have thought there would be another contender for "best song named Santeria"!

Favorite tracks: If You Know You Know, Santeria, The Games We Play

Honorable mention

  • JPEGMAFIA - Veteran - This is some wild shit. I wanted to pick this over Daytona, but I just can't do it because there's a few songs on here that I'm not a huge fan of. Then again, you gotta give Peggy bonus points for dissing my boy Varg on I Cannot Fucking Wait Until Morrissey Dies, like how does he even know who that is? lol

  • Nickelus F - STUCK - This is just as good as Trick Dice.

My favorite hip hop album of 2019:

Freddie Gibbs & Madlib - Bandana

Piñata still sounds fresh, so it doesn't feel 5 years old. But it is! Finally, the sequel. It's just as good as Piñata, for many of the same reasons. And I love all the weird samples in the transitions between songs. Basically:

Favorite tracks: Cataracts, Crime Pays, Half Manne Half Cocaine

Honorable mention

None yet! Peggy, don't disappoint me!

Update from 2020: Peggy did disappoint me a bit. All My Heroes Are Cornballs is fine, but it's not as good as Veteran and it doesn't quite deserve an honorable mention. Instead, another album came out of nowhere to earn honorable mention:

  • Clipping - There Existed an Addiction to Blood - I've listened to them a bit in the past, but never got hooked. This hooked me, hard. The concept of "the ghetto as a horror movie" is not new, but man they executed it flawlessly. Just listen to this. There's a few other incredible tracks too.

Conclusions

It definitely seems that the underground scene from the early 2010s has faded, which corresponds to the number of albums in the "honorable mentions" each year. Hopefully the 2020s has something new in store for us though!

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/favorite-hip-hop-albums-2010s.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/favorite-hip-hop-albums-2010s.mdSun, 18 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
<![CDATA[Which NBA players take the most shots with their foot on the three point line?]]>Which NBA players take the most shots with their foot on the three point line? If you want the answer to that question, check out the post I wrote on the Basketball GM blog.

Why there and not here? I figure, when the hordes of highly interested basketball fans find this spectacular blog post, I'd rather BBGM gets some shine than dumbmatter.com.

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http://dumbmatter.com/posts/foot-on-the-line.mdhttp://dumbmatter.com/posts/foot-on-the-line.mdFri, 16 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT